Luna-25 on the factory floor. Credit: Roscosmos/Inside Outer Space screengrab


There is a multi-country Moon rush in progress.

Credit: Roscosmos/Inside Outer Space screengrab

While NASA is orchestrating the Artemis program of robotic and human lunar exploration, there’s China, preparing this year to hurl a go-getting return sample mission to the Moon.


A new and successful Chinese spacecraft lunar landing joins still-active Chinese lander/rover machinery on the Moon.

Credit: Roscosmos/Inside Outer Space screengrab

Toss in the mix other nations, such as Japan and India, as well as private firms, that have cross-hairs on future lunar exploration.

Credit: Roscosmos/Inside Outer Space screengrab

Russian re-entry

Now, enter a new “old-timer” that’s joining the celestial fray.

Russia is rebuilding a multi-pronged return to the Moon program, one that kick-starts a 21st century round of outreach to Earth’s extraterrestrial neighbor.

Russian space industry specialists are busy at work on the Luna-25 spacecraft expected to be Soyuz-boosted moonward next year, in October 2021.

Credit: Roscosmos/Inside Outer Space screengrab



Luna-25 will be a continuation of the series of Soviet Union Moon probes of the same name. But unlike past launches, this spacecraft is targeted to land in the vicinity of the Moon’s south pole.



For an inside look at Luna-25 preparations, view this newly-issued video (in Russian) by correspondent Nikolay Vdovin of RK Media at:

Also, go to my recent Scientific American story on Russia’s re-entry into Moon exploration:

Luna-25 Lander Renews Russian Moon Rush The former front-runner in the lunar space race aims to rekindle its exploration after nearly half a century.

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