Credit: DoD

The U.S. Office of the Secretary of Defense has issued its annual report: Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2019.

As part of the report, a section on China’s Moon exploration program notes the farside Chang’e-4 lunar and rover.

“Building on the enabling capabilities such as lunar orbiting, soft landing, and sample return mastered through the legacy Chang’e program, China plans to assemble a lunar research station on the Moon around 2025 and a lunar research and development base around 2050.

Anti-satellite technologies

The report also notes that the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) is acquiring a range of technologies to improve China’s counterspace capabilities.

“In addition to the development of directed energy weapons and satellite jammers, China is also developing anti-satellite capabilities and has probably made progress on the anti-satellite missile system it tested in July 2014,” the report explains.

Although China has not publicly acknowledged the existence of any new programs since it confirmed it used an anti-satellite missile to destroy a weather satellite in 2007, Chinese defense academics often publish on counterspace threat technologies. These scholars stress the necessity of ‘destroying, damaging, and interfering with the enemy’s reconnaissance . . . and communications satellites,’ suggesting that such systems, as well as navigation and early warning satellites, could be among the targets of attacks designed to ‘blind and deafen the enemy.’

For the full report, go to:

https://media.defense.gov/2019/May/02/2002127082/-1/-1/1/2019_CHINA_MILITARY_POWER_REPORT.pdf

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