Archive for the ‘Space News’ Category

The top of “Mont Mercou” in front of the Curiosity rover is visible in this image taken by the Left Navigation Camera on Sol 3083. Mount Sharp is the white hill in the distance. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech.

 

 

NASA’s Curiosity Mars rover is now performing Sol 3087 tasks.

Last week, Curiosity circled the base of “Mont Mercou” and has 3-D profiled the large outcrop, reports Catherine O’Connell-Cooper, a planetary geologist at the University of New Brunswick; Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada. The robot began climbing up the side of the nearly 20-feet (6-meters) high outcrop.

Curiosity Front Hazard Avoidance Camera Right B photo taken on Sol 3086, April 11, 2021.
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

“We found ourselves almost at the top, with a beautiful expanse of bedrock in our workspace and stunning views of the top of ‘Mount Sharp’ off in the distance,” O’Connell-Cooper adds.

Dust Removal Tool apparently in action, shown by circular patch. Curiosity Mars Hand Lens Imager photo produced on Sol 3086, April 11, 2021.
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS

Paired drill sites

The plan calls for drilling at that spot, a companion drill to the “Nontron” drill at the base of the outcrop.

“These paired drill sites, and resulting mineralogical data, combined with the extensive imagery acquired by Mastcam, will go a long way to help us understand the evolution of this outcrop,” O’Connell-Cooper points out.

Curiosity Left B Navigation Camera photo taken on Sol 3086, April 11, 2021.
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

As part of any drill campaign, researchers carefully investigate an area, sometimes finding the most “representative” drill site to reflect the bulk composition of the outcrop.

Choosing a drill target

“For some of our previous drill locales, bedrock was homogeneous, with little evidence of veining for example, which makes choosing a drill target much easier,” O’Connell-Cooper notes. “Here at Mont Mercou, this is definitely not the case! Bedrock in today’s workspace varied from nodule-rich — small circular or lenticular features — to nodule-poor and contained both white veins (typically calcium sulphate) and more unusual dark toned resistant “fins” of vein material – lots happening here, geologically speaking!”

Curiosity Front Hazard Avoidance Camera Right B photo acquired on Sol 3086, April 11, 2021.
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

A Curiosity target last Wednesday labeled “Puymangou” may be the remnant of the same type of dark veins scientists see in the rover’s

 

current workspace. New targets are being appraised to aid the next drilling session, but are also safe for the Alpha Particle X-Ray Spectrometer (APXS) instrument.

“Those dark veins look really interesting but the fin-like morphology means that they can pose a danger to APXS if, for example, a pointed edge went up into the sensor,” O’Connell-Cooper says. “Eventually, we decided on a flat bedrock ‘Peyrignac’ which we can brush with our DRT [Dust Removal Tool] centered on the nodule-poor bedrock, to analyze with APXS and MAHLI [Mars Hand Lens Imager].

Curiosity Left B Navigation Camera photo taken on Sol 3086, April 11, 2021.
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Nodule-rich bedrock

“Typically, DRT targets also have an offset APXS and MAHLI target, 18 mm from the center of the main target. Conveniently, the Peyrignac offset target should end up centered on nodule-rich bedrock, so this will give us a more complete idea of the composition here,” reports O’Connell-Cooper.

The plan calls for driving further onto the top of Mont Mercou on the second sol of the plan (Sols 3085-3087) “and then Mastcam will image our terrain, with the aim of refining our drill target selection in the next plan, on Monday,” O’Connell-Cooper concludes. “With luck, we might even be drilling again by this time next week!”

China’s space station expected to be completed around 2022.
CMS/Inside Outer Space screengrab

 

The China Manned Space Engineering Office (CMSEO) said on Monday that a Long March-7 Y3 rocket, slated to loft a supply ship to China’s still-to-be-built space station, has arrived at its launch site in southern China’s Hainan Province.

The rocket, alongside the Tianzhou-2 cargo craft, has been transported to the Wenchang Spacecraft Launch Site where it will be assembled and tested. CMSEO also said the facilities and equipment at the launch site are in good condition and preparations are being carried out as scheduled.

The uncrewed Tianzhou-2 is one element of a go-getting schedule to construct China’s space station.

Core module of China’s space station.
Credit: CMS/Inside Outer Space screengrab

China’s has completely transferred its human spaceflight agenda to the construction stage of its space station. A number of missions — including launching the core module of the space station, cargo replenishment, and crewed space flights — will be implemented this year.

The space station’s Tianhe core module and its booster, a Long March-5B Y2 are also at the Wenchang Spacecraft Launch Site. Liftoff of that central element is scheduled to be implemented in the first half of this year.

China’s space station to be operating in the 2020’s. Credit: CCTV

Development strategy

Space program officials in China see building the country’s orbiting outpost as the third step of its “three-step development strategy” for a crewed space program.

In May 2020, the successful launch of a Long March-5B kicked off the “third step” of the development strategy.

As reported by the China Central Television (CCTV) network, the spacefaring country has launched 11 manned spacecraft, one cargo spacecraft, Tiangong-1 and Tiangong-2 space labs, sending 11 astronauts into space, completing the first two steps of the three-step manned space program.

Shenzhou-11 crew onboard the Tiangong-2 space lab. Mission lasted 33 days.
Credit: CCTV-Plus

CCTV adds that the space station will be completed around 2022, and a national space laboratory with stable operation in orbit will be built up within that time period.

Working with the United Nations, China has completed selection of a first batch of space science experiments to be implemented onboard the Chinese crewed space station.

Foundational element

The upcoming launch of the Tianhe core module is a foundational element of the Chinese orbiting complex.

“After we launch the core module, we will send a cargo spacecraft to dock with it. And then we will launch the Shenzhou-12 spacecraft,” said Yang Liwei, the country’s first astronaut, in a recent CCTV interview. “That’s why I say it is critical this year, as all the flight missions rely on our core module, and it must succeed. The launch of the core module will be a milestone indeed,” Yang added.

China’s space station agenda also includes lofting an optical module that carries a space telescope, touted as having a better field angle than the NASA Hubble space telescope.
Credit: CCTV/Inside Outer Space screengrab

“For Experiment Modules I and II that we will launch next year,” Yang said, “they both need to be docked with the core module, which is of significant and symbolic meaning to the whole space station program of China. Only after we launch the space station to outer space, will we truly enter the phase of verification and building of the space station.”

Credit: CCTV/Inside Outer Space screengrab

Astronauts selected

A total of 12 Chinese astronauts will enter space in 11 missions launched under China’s manned space program over the next two years, said Yang.

Credit: CCTV/Inside Outer Space screengrab

This year and next, while China’s space station is being assembled, Yang said four crewed spaceflight missions will be carried out. “We have chosen the astronauts for the four crews, and are now training them for each of the missions. There will be experienced and new astronauts assigned to each crew, and you will see many familiar faces among them,” he told CCTV.

 

In total, China’s astronaut corps consists of 34 individuals.

On hold: Helicopter flight delayed. Mars Perseverance Right Mastcam-Z Camera photo, acquired on April 10, 2021 (Sol 49).
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/ASU

NASA has scraped a weekend plan to fly the Ingenuity Mars helicopter at Jezero Crater.

The decision to delay the test flight has been based on data from the Ingenuity Mars helicopter that arrived late Friday night.

During a high-speed spin test of the rotors on Friday, the command sequence controlling the test ended early due to a “watchdog” timer expiration. This occurred as it was trying to transition the flight computer from ‘Pre-Flight’ to ‘Flight’ mode, said NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).

“The watchdog timer oversees the command sequence and alerts the system to any potential issues. It helps the system stay safe by not proceeding if an issue is observed and worked as planned,” the JPL statement explained. “The helicopter team is reviewing telemetry to diagnose and understand the issue. “

Following that review, Ingenuity engineers are to reschedule the full-speed test.

The glitch has meant rescheduling the Ingenuity Mars Helicopter’s first experimental flight to no earlier than April 14, according to a JPL statement.

 

The new installment of Diary of the 12th Man is now available, a captivating look at the Apollo 17 mission of 1972, written by astronaut Harrison H. (Jack) Schmitt.

In Section 3 of Chapter 12 – “Pages of History” – the reader will find a treasure trove of experiences by Apollo 17 moonwalkers, Eugene Cernan and Jack Schmitt.

A last grand panorama view of the west entrance to Taurus-Littrow Valley showing 3 days of activities both near and far from Challenger lunar lander.
Credit: NASA

For example, before re-entering the Challenger lunar lander, Schmitt tossed a geology hammer using a partial Olympic-style discus-throwing technique. The large extent of the impact plume is shown in a contrast-stretched photo not usually seen in the literature, spotlighting how much regolith can be moved by impacts of even the smallest low velocity objects.

Apollo 17 rover in its final location, put in position so television viewers back on Earth could view the departure of Cernan and Schmitt from Taurus-Littrow.
Credit: NASA

 

The reader has the ability to download a number of photos in a window separate from the text at higher resolution. Some images can also be enlarged for further examination by clicking areas of the image. Additionally, there are also convergent stereo anaglyphs of various lunar samples showing exceptional depth and structure of the objects.

“All-in-all, a remarkable conclusion to one of the most prolific lunar surface explorations of the 20th century,” explains editor-in-chief, Ronald Wells.

Schmitt’s down-sun “before” photo of the block group (right of the gnomon; left piece) from which samples 79115, 79135 will be taken. The west wall of Van Serg Crater spans the top of the photo. “The dust on Cernan’s suit shows how severe the problem will be for astronauts returning to a lunar module, or more permanent habitat after a day’s work in the field,” Schmitt explains.
Credit: NASA

 

 

 

“Although Chapter 12 concludes the 3 EVAs, the Diary is by no means at an end,” Wells explains. “The next chapter recounts Dr. Schmitt’s scientific evaluation of the mission data with the aid of a half century’s progress in analytical techniques, combined with new conclusions that arise from the synthesis of analytical data with his evolving interpretations of the geology of Taurus-Littrow and the Moon.”

 

 

 

To access Apollo 17: Diary of the 12th Man, go to:

https://www.americasuncommonsense.com

 

Curiosity Left B Navigation Camera image taken on Sol 3082, April 8, 2021.
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

 

NASA’s Curiosity Mars rover at Gale Crater is now performing Sol 3083 tasks.

The robot is near the transition between the “Glasgow” member and the sulfate-bearing unit. “As this is a major geologic transition, the science team is trying to get as much data as possible before moving away,” reports Ashley Stroupe, a mission operations engineer at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Curiosity’s location on Sol 3081. Distance driven 15.53 miles (25.00 kilometers) Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. of Arizona

New plans called for Curiosity to do a “touch-and-go,” performing contact and targeted remote science before driving away.

Bedrock slab

First, Curiosity was to get some arm exercise in, doing Alpha Particle X-Ray Spectrometer (APXS) and Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) observations of “Puymangou,” a dark spot on a bedrock slab in front of the rover.

Curiosity Front Hazard Avoidance Camera Right B image acquired on Sol 3082, April 7, 2021.
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

“Science will test if the color difference represents a difference in composition relative to the nearby bedrock,” Stroupe adds. “For the Rover Planners (of which I am one today), this is a challenging target because it is small and a little raised relative to the surrounding parts of the rock. We also need to avoid the nearby pockets of sand trapped by the surface roughness of the rock. After the arm activities, Curiosity will stow the arm to prepare for driving.”

Curiosity Mast Camera imagery taken on Sol 3081 April 6, 2021.
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS

 

 

Sedimentary structures

Before driving away, there is a set of targeted science observations with Curiosity’s Mastcam. “In addition to a small 3×3 mosaic of the contact science target, we will take a large stereo mosaic of “Mont Mercou” from the southwest to get more views of the sedimentary structures of the ridge,” Stroupe explains.

Curiosity Mast Camera Right photo taken on Sol 3081, April 6, 2021.
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS

In addition to all the images taken from other locations around Mont Mercou, Stroupe adds that this last set will enable researchers to build a complete 3-D model of the feature.

In this same pre-drive time, the rover’s Chemistry and Camera (ChemCam) will also do a passive sky observation as part of our environmental suite.

Good viewshed

“Then, we say goodbye to Mont Mercou and begin our drive, about 30 meters [98 feet] to the south-southwest. The terrain in this area is both quite rocky and has patches of sand, providing another challenge for the Rover Planners,” Stroupe notes.

“Curiosity will wind her way around some of the sharper rocks and bigger patches of sand in order to land on a high point that should provide a good viewshed for planning the next drive, as well as landing on some bedrock to enable contact science in the weekend plan,” Stroupe reports. “The Rover Planners (and Curiosity’s wheels) are definitely looking forward to being further south, where the terrain is more benign and our drives will no longer need to look like a slalom track.”

Curiosity Mast Camera Left photo taken on Sol 3081, April 6, 2021.
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS

Cloudy skies

After the drive, researchers will take some imaging to support the next drive, as well as some additional ChemCam observations of the sky and its calibration targets in order to continue to monitor the health of the instrument.

“Just around sunset, we will do another set of cloud observations with Mastcam and Navcam in the hopes of getting yet another spectacular image of the Martian cloudy skies,” Stroupe says, and a Mars Descent Imager (MARDI) image of the ground below the rover.

Also on tap is the robot performing environmental observations, including a dust devil movie and a supra-horizon movie, as well as some twilight Mastcam images, Stroupe adds.

Image depicts Space Solar Power Incremental and Demonstrations Research (SSPIDR) project to beam solar power from space to Earth. SSPIDR consists of several small-scale flight experiments that will mature technology needed to build a prototype solar power distribution system.
Credit: Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL)

A U.S. military space plane is being used to flight validate how best to gather the Sun’s energy for power beaming from Earth orbit. In mid-March, the classified mission of the U.S. Space Force X-37B robotic space plane winged past 300 days in Earth orbit.

Also known as Orbital Test Vehicle-6, the craft carries what is called the Photovoltaic Radio-frequency Antenna Module Flight Experiment, or simply dubbed as PRAM-FX.

PRAM-FX is a Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) experiment that’s investigating transforming solar power into radio frequency (RF) microwave energy. PRAM-FX is a 12-inch square tile that collects solar energy and converts it to RF microwave power.

For more details, go to my new SPACE.com story:

“Space-based solar power getting key test aboard US military’s mysterious X-37B space plane…and some preliminary results are already in” at:

https://www.space.com/x-37b-space-plane-solar-power-beaming

 

China’s Gaofen-4 spacecraft is prepared for 2015 launch.
Credit: CAST

China has used a geostationary satellite – viewed by some as a powerful spy satellite of Earth – to make seamless maps of major elements of the Moon.

In a paper appearing in Research in Astronomy and Astrophysics, a team of space scientists and Earth observational researchers made use of the Gaofen-4 spacecraft to help understand the origin and evolution of the Moon.

Whole lunar disk

Maps of major elements using the single-exposure image of the whole lunar disk were obtained by China’s high-resolution geostationary satellite.

A spatial resolution of roughly 500-meters was achieved.

“The elemental contents of soil samples returned by Apollo and Luna missions are regarded as ground truth, and are correlated with the reflectance of the sampling sites extracted from Gaofen-4 data,” the paper states.

The Gaofen-4 data products allowed major elements for the Moon’s maria and highlands to be estimated and compared.

Copernicus crater imaged by China’s high-resolution geostationary satellite, Gaofen-4, at four different local times.
Credit: Y. Lu et al.

Powerful telescope

According to the popular satellite tracking website, N2YO.com, Gaofen-4 is outfitted with a powerful telescope to collect nearly continuous imagery of the Asia-Pacific, a capability that could help track foreign naval activity.

“Gaofen 4’s staring imager can spot objects as small as 50 meters (164 feet), a resolution that allows the satellite to see an oil tanker steaming across the ocean. At night, an infrared camera aboard Gaofen 4 can capture less detailed imagery with a resolution of about 400 meters, or 1,300 feet. Gaofen 4 is designed for an eight-year lifetime,” the N2YO.com notes.

Gaofen-4 was launched in December 2015 on a CZ-3B/G2 rocket from China’s Xichang space center.

The spacecraft has also been tagged as supporting disaster response, forestry, earthquake and meteorology applications, and supplements an advanced technology for natural disaster alerts, be they for wild fires, typhoon, along with national security duties.

To view the paper – “Seamless maps of major elements of the Moon: Results from high-resolution geostationary satellite” – go to:

https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1674-4527/21/2/31

Beyond: The Astonishing Story of the First Human to Leave Our Planet and Journey into Space by Stephen Walker; HarperCollins Publishers; 512 pages; April 2021; Hardcover: $29.99.

As we celebrate the 60th anniversary of the pioneering flight of “Cosmonaut Number One,” this tell-all book recaptures the remarkable trek of the Soviet Union’s Yuri Gagarin.

The author has written an incredible account, not only revealing details about that first human space sojourn into Earth orbit, but the now-faded Cold War facts about Soviet-U.S. “space race” rivalry. Walker has chronicled Gagarin’s epic flight on April 12, 1961, counterpointing the early years of a just-launched NASA and its fresh set of Mercury astronauts.

“But the way was opened by Yuri Gagarin,” Walker states, “the man who did it first, when he strapped into his little sphere on top of his rocket sixty years ago, and stepped into the beyond.”

One item detailed is the decision-making on whether Gagarin or Gherman Titov would be tapped for that first human spaceflight. The author points out that strain gauges had been placed underneath their night-before-launch mattresses. Those gauges were monitored by a technician and a psychologist, recording any tossing and turning during the night that might impact their piloting skills. Gagarin might have lost his chance to step into the history books “simply by moving in bed too much,” Walker says. Titov would later orbit the Earth in August 1961 – the second person to circle the Earth.

This book is an exhaustive culling together of original research, along with testimony of eyewitnesses that is riveting, well-written and provides little-known details of Gagarin’s heralded flight of 106-minutes. The volume is jam-packed with historical gems; to this day no one knows the exact spots where either Gagarin or his Vostok sphere landed, for example. Both places were originally marked with simple posts which soon disappeared, Walker notes.

“In the immediate aftermath of his flight the Soviet government showered Yuri Gagarin and his family with rewards. A secret decree from the ministry of defense, issued just four days after the Red Square celebrations and only published fifty years later, offers a revealing glimpse into the state’s power and reach over all of their lives; and perhaps too, the relative material poverty of those lives beforehand,” Walker explains.

Divided up into four acts – “Four Months Earlier,” “Decision,” “Final Countdown,” “Launch,” followed by an “Endgame” epilogue, this volume is an extraordinary look at two space superpowers that took major risks to hurl a man into space first, the Americans in the full glare of the press, the Soviets in secretive and deep cover mode.

For more information on this book, go to:

https://www.harpercollins.com/products/beyond-stephen-walker?variant=32231860928546

And also Stephen Walker’s website about the book at:

https://www.stephenwalkerbeyond.com/

China’s farside rover images Chang’e-4 lander in the distance.
Credit: CNSA/CLEP

China’s Chang’e-4 mission to the Moon’s farside has survived another cold shock from 14-days of lunar night.

The lander and rover have resumed work for a 29th lunar day.

Reports the Lunar Exploration and Space Program Center of the China National Space Administration (CNSA), The lander woke up at 9:43 p.m. Tuesday (Beijing Time), and the Yutu-2 (Jade Rabbit-2) rover, awoke at 3:54 a.m. Tuesday.

Chang’e-4 farside lander and Yutu-2 rover.
Credit: CNSA/CLEP

The two machines had switched to dormant mode during the lunar night due to the lack of solar power.

They have survived about 825 Earth days on the Moon.

Chang’e-4’s farside landing zone.
Credit: NASA/GSFC/Arizona State University

Lander, rover location

Wheeling about in the northwest of Chang’e-4’s landing site, the rover has traveled roughly 2,240 feet (682.8 meters).

The linear distance between the rover and the Chang’e-4 lander is about 1,493 feet (455 meters), according to a Xinhua news report.

During its 29th lunar day, the rover will continue to move northwest toward the basalt distribution area located about 0.746 miles (1.2 kilometers) away from the rover.

Wu Weiren, chief designer of the lunar exploration program, presents the Chang’e-4 rover.
Credit: CCTV/Screengrab

The equipment aboard the rover, including a panoramic camera, an infrared imaging spectrometer, a neutral atom detector and a radar, will continue to carry out scientific explorations.

The Chang’e-4 probe, launched on Dec. 8, 2018, made the first-ever soft landing within the Von Kármán crater in the South Pole-Aitken Basin on the farside of the Moon on January 3, 2019.

Space station work

Meanwhile, China’s human spaceflight program is pushing forward on readying the Tianhe Core Module for liftoff. That hardware is the foundation element of the Chinese space station expected to be in operation around 2022.

Core module of China’s space station.
Credit: CMS/Inside Outer Space screengrab

This key module — along with its Long March 5B booster —  are both at the Wenchang Spacecraft Launch Site in south China’s Hainan Province, expected to be launched in the first half of this year.

A total of 12 Chinese astronauts will enter space in 11 missions launched under China’s manned space program over the next two years, said Yang Liwei, the country’s first astronaut, in a recent China Central Television (CCTV) interview.

China’s space station expected to be completed around 2022.
CMS/Inside Outer Space screengrab

“After we launch the core module, we will send a cargo spacecraft to dock with it. And then we will launch the Shenzhou-12 spacecraft. That’s why I say it is critical this year, as all the flight missions rely on our core module, and it must succeed. The launch of the core module will be a milestone indeed,” Yang added.

Significant and symbolic

“For Experiment Modules I and II that we will launch next year,” Yang said, “they both need to be docked with the core module, which is of significant and symbolic meaning to the whole space station program of China. Only after we launch the space station to outer space, will we truly enter the phase of verification and building of the space station.”

Credit: CMS/CCTV/Inside Outer Space screengrab

This year and next, while China’s space station is being built, Yang said four crewed spaceflight missions will be carried out. “We have chosen the astronauts for the four crews, and are now training them for each of the missions. There will be experienced and new astronauts assigned to each crew, and you will see many familiar faces among them,” he told CCTV.

In total, China’s astronaut corps consists of 34 individuals.

Curiosity Front Hazard Avoidance Camera Left B image taken on Sol 3080, April 5, 2021.
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

NASA’s Curiosity Mars rover at Gale Crater is now performing Sol 3081 tasks.

The robot is on a hunt for its next drill target, reports Mariah Baker, a planetary geologist at the Center for Earth & Planetary Studies, Smithsonian National Air & Space Museum in Washington, D.C.

“Recently, the rover has been investigating the ‘Mont Mercou’ rock outcrop…and now she’s making her way around to the top of the outcrop to find a suitable place to drill,” Baker notes. “But there’s always science to be done along the way!”

Curiosity Right B Navigation Camera photo taken on Sol 3080, April 5, 2021.
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

New drive

A new plan scoped out two sols of rover activities with a drive in the middle.

The science block on Sol 3081 was to include two Mastcam stereo mosaics of Mont Mercou, as well as Chemistry and Camera (ChemCam) observations on a titanium calibration target.

Curiosity Rear Hazard Avoidance Camera Left B image acquired on Sol 3080, April 5, 2021.
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Navcam and Mastcam images will also be acquired to measure the amount of dust in the atmosphere. “Touch and go” contact science with the Alpha Particle X-Ray Spectrometer (APXS) and Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) was to be conducted on bedrock target “Orliac” before the rover executes a planned drive of over 60 feet (19-meters), Baker reports.

Next drill spot

After the drive, the rover will acquire standard post-drive images of its next workspace with the Mastcam, Navcam, and Mars Descent Imager (MARDI) cameras.

Self-inspection of wheel wear. Curiosity Mars Hand Lens Imager photo produced on Sol 3079, April 4, 2021.
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS

The untargeted science block on Sol 3082 is planned to include a long Navcam dust devil movie and a single Mastcam image to monitor accumulation of sediment on the rover’s deck, Baker adds.

Both sols (3081-3082) were to include Dynamic Albedo of Neutrons (DAN)

And Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS) measurements, as well as short science blocks around sunset for Navcam and Mastcam cloud imaging.

“In the coming sols,” Baker concludes, “the rover will continue to collect even more data on the local geology and environment as she hunts for our next drill location on Mars!”