Archive for the ‘Space Book Reviews’ Category

Alcohol in Space – Past, Present and Future by Chris Carberry, McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers, Jefferson, North Carolina; 2019; softcover, 217 pages, $29.95.

Just in time for cheering on the holidays!

This book is a genuine treasure, focused on the making and consumption of alcohol throughout history…with a new upshot – the growing role of alcohol production in low Earth orbit (LEO) — or should it be libation Earth orbit? — and beyond!

Featuring 7 chapters, this volume includes a brief history of alcohol and society, booze in science fiction, retro-flections of drinking in space, space beer, wine, whiskey and innovation, as well as human settlement and farming in space.

Chris Carberry is the CEO of the non-profit organization Explore Mars, Inc. and has done a superb amount of research in writing this book, one that is chock-full of non-teetotale tales. “Yes, to drink where no one has drunk before,” he writes, pointing to the space-born Romulan ale, a special, high-speed sauce of Star Trek.

“As commercial space activities accelerate, this subject (both positive and negative aspects) will become more and more relevant as private individuals bring human customs, vices, and ceremonies into space,” the author writes in the book’s preface.

A foreword written by Andy Weir, author of The Martian and other science fiction works, offers his own cocktail considerations of the topic at hand. “One of the more common questions I get asked by fans of The Martian is, ‘Could Mark Watney have made vodka from some of those potatoes?’ Who knows what the future holds? Well, maybe Chris Carberry does. Kick back, grab your drink of choice, and enjoy this book about two of my favorite subjects.”

The author’s writing style is witty and informative. “It may not be the Restaurant at the End of the Universe,” Carberry explains, but Club 90 South in Antarctica might double for what an early Mars saloon may look and feel like.

Alcohol is present naturally in space, Carberry points out, and even an “intoxicating cloud” of alcohol tagged W3(OH). “Clearly, humanity will not be tapping these massive supplies of alcohol that are scattered around the universe anytime soon. If we want to acquire sustainable supplies of alcohol for our own use in space, we will either need to manufacture it in space or ship it from Earth at great cost.”

Lastly, there’s an exceptional set of chapter notes that demonstrates the rigor the author has taken to document the data contained in this volume.

Alcohol in Space – Past, Present and Future is an intoxicating book, so imbibe and behold…but read responsibly.

For more information on this book, go to:

https://mcfarlandbooks.com/product/alcohol-in-space/

The Consequential Frontier: Challenging the Privatization of Space by Peter Ward, Melville House Publishing, New York & UK; October 2019; hardcover, 224 pages, $26.99.

As 2020 promises to loom large for the commercial space sector, this book is a timely read regarding the privatization of outer space.

The book’s title speaks volumes with Peter Ward taking an investigative look at a key question: If humankind and their private wealth have made such a mess of Earth, who can say we won’t do the same in space?

Your favorite rocketeers are included – Musk, Branson, Bezos – but Ward also introduces activists attempting to keep private space groups from rushing irresponsibly into the cosmos.

The book is divided up into three parts, covering such topics as the Cold War and the Outer Space Treaty, space tourism, orbital debris, and the perils and profits of mining the Moon, along with a look at NASA, from contractor to client.

Authoring articles in The Economist, Newsweek and Bloomberg Businessweek, the author writes that “space, despite being a cold, harsh environment full of danger, still represents something of a blank slate for humanity,” but warns “we’re not off to the best start.”

The Consequential Frontier offers cautionary flags about rocket billionaires, smaller entrepreneurial groups, and the overall privatization and “democratization” of low Earth orbit and beyond.

Will space be a “shining beacon” of cooperation…or a “mash-up of corporate interest and a repetition of generations of mistakes,” questions Ward.

Readers will find this book thought-provoking and also disquieting, but a helpful reminder that a productive and trouble-free space future comes at a price.

For more information on this book, go to:

https://www.mhpbooks.com/books/the-consequential-frontier/

 

See You In Orbit? – Our Dream Of Spaceflight by Alan Ladwig, To Orbit Productions, LLC, October 2019; paperback, 500 pages, $18.00.

Public space travel is soon getting a boost from Richard Branson’s Virgin Galactic and the efforts of the Jeff Bezos-backed Blue Origin. Plunking down cash to skyrocket into near-space heights and escape velocity vacationing in Earth orbit is in the offing. Or is it?

Strap in, place your table trays into locked position and enjoy a highly revealing read from author Alan Ladwig, a former manager of both the Shuttle Student Involvement Program and the Spaceflight Participant Program, which included the Teacher in Space and Journalist in Space competitions.

See You in Orbit? is a superb, fact-filled account of the on-going promise of commercial space tourism, and pulls no punches about why it has been such a long, drawn-out countdown to reality.

Ladwig at the outset of the volume admits the book has been “a crime of passion for over three decades.” The reader will be consumed by that zeal contained within 13 chapters that begins with the dreams of yesterday and concludes with wagons ho and way beyond Earth’s boundaries. Within that sweep of reading, I myself was drawn to the author’s behind-the-scenes account of the loss of Challenger and its crew that included teacher-in-space, Christa McAuliffe – subtitled “The Dream Turns into Heartbreak.”

Footloose and fancy-free, author Alan Ladwig.
Credit: To Orbit Productions

Ladwig has an engaging, witty, and often poignant writing manner that adds to the reader’s page-turning experience. The author is no stranger to zero-gravity, having experienced hundreds of parabolas on ZERO-G’s G-Force 1 and NASA’s KC-135. That said, he confesses that the thought of being confined in a small capsule gives him the willies. “Trust me, you wouldn’t want me sitting in the middle seat next to you,” he writes.

The book includes an extensive chapter-by-chapter notes section, clearly demonstrating the author’s exhaustive research in writing this enlightening and instructive volume.

Be it “The Scent of Musk” or “Space Cycler Built for Two” or “How Many Billionaires Does It Take to Get Us to Space?”…these and other quips guide the reader to a wisdom-filled smooth touchdown.

For more information on this book, go to:

https://www.amazon.com/See-You-Orbit-Dream-Spaceflight/dp/1733265708

 

Houston: Space City USA by Ray Viator; Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas, 2019; hardcover:  224 pp. 222 color, 6 b&w photos, $37.00.

Given the development of new spaceports around the world, this volume celebrates Houston, Texas as “mission control” for America’s on-going spaceflight program.

Recall those words from Apollo 11’s Neil Armstrong on July 20, 1969: “Houston, Tranquility Base here. The Eagle has landed.”

This visually stunning work by Viator, a Houston author and photographer, captures the spirit of Houston’s ties to America’s space program. Beyond the splendid visuals, the book is loaded with gems of knowledge, such as why Houston was the selected site for the $200 million “manned spaceflight laboratory.”

There are a number of refreshing surprises throughout this volume, including an appendix that honors and remembers the human cost in pioneering the space frontier.

Author Ray Viator
Photo by Cynthia Viator

“The book also celebrates the impact of the space program on our city and region,” Viator writes. “The space program raised Houston’s visibility both nationally and around the world.” As the author notes, about 20 percent of the nearly one million annual visitors to Space Center Houston come from other nations.

“This book is also a celebration of the whimsical and humorous, the fancy and the fantastical that surrounds us every day, if we just take the time to look,” Viator adds.

The reader will find a unique blend of imagery and text within the book’s pages, anchoring Houston as mission control over the past decades to today…and the future.

All proceeds from sales of “Houston: Space City USA” benefit Houston Public Media’s programming and news coverage of space, science and technology.

For more information on this book, go to:

https://www.tamupress.com/book/9781623497729/houston-space-city-usa/

Space Dogs: The Story of the Celebrated Canine Cosmonauts by Martin Parr/Text by Richard Hollingham; Laurence King Publishing, New York, 2019; softcover: 128 pages, $16.99

This enchanting book details the Soviet Union’s space dogs, those uncanny canine explorers that blazed the trail for human space travelers. Laika, Belka, Strelka, and other dogs became superstars!

Space Dogs features the collectibles of Martin Parr. Over the past twenty years, Parr has been adding to his assortment of USSR space dog memorabilia, produced during the space race in the 1950s between the USSR and the USA. Mostly perusing the Internet, he has unearthed a variety of exceptional items for his collected works.

“I hope that some of the magic of the space dogs phenomenon will rub off on the reader,” Parr explains in the book’s foreword. From my read…mission success!

Credit: Martin Parr Collection

The “pupniks” were hugely celebrated. With a combination of national pride and propaganda, they began appearing on stamps, postcards, letter holders, wrist watches, porcelain figurines, cigarette cases, clocks and other memorabilia.

Produced to coincide with the 50th anniversary of man landing on the Moon, this book details the story of the space dogs, illustrated with Parr’s collection of vintage space-dog ephemera.

Credit: Martin Parr Collection

The nicely written text is provided by Richard Hollingham, a space journalist and correspondent for BBC future and presenter of the Space Boffins Podcast.

While all the photos are captivating, the reader will gain special insight into the Soviet Union’s pioneering spaceflight exploits, including the true fate of Laika onboard the country’s second orbiting satellite. You’ll find numerous other factoids in this well-illustrated and readable volume.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For more information on this book, go to:

https://www.laurenceking.com/product/space-dogs/

 

Wally Funk’s Race for Space: The Extraordinary Story of a Female Aviation Pioneer by Sue Nelson; Chicago Review Press, 2019; hardcover: 256 pages, $26.99

This is a wonderful read, one that underscores politics and prejudice in America’s embryonic human spaceflight program. 

Wally Funk was a trailblazer, among the Mercury 13, the first group of American pilots to complete NASA’s 1961 Women in Space program.

Sue Nelson’s engaging and personal account of Funk’s lifetime pursuit of becoming an astronaut is also a story of tenacity and dogged perseverance. The book’s preface explains that in 2019, the same year as the fiftieth anniversary of the Apollo 11 Moon landing, Wally Funk will celebrate her 80th birthday.

“During that year,” Nelson writes, “she hopes to finally cash in her ticket with Virgin Galactic for one of the first commercial flights into space. Understandably, she is eager for this new era of space tourism to begin. History, for Wally, will then have come full circle.”

At age 23, Funk and her fellow women astronaut candidates participated in rigorous physical exams – as did the Mercury 7 male candidates. But the program to select female space travelers was suddenly shut down in 1961. NASA declared women could not qualify as astronauts, with the author describing the sexism facing women keen on orbital flight.

Funk went on to become one of America’s first female aviation inspectors and civilian flight instructors, with her dream of being an astronaut never fading and still intact.

The reader will find this book inspirational – a vibrant portrait of Funk’s can-do spirit and stick-to-itness. It’s a retro-fire back into space history and a tell-all tale of the flack that Funk endured.

For more information on Wally Funk’s Race for Space go to:

https://www.chicagoreviewpress.com/wally-funk-s-race-for-space-products-9781641601306.php

Ronald Reagan and the Space Frontier by John M. Logsdon; Palgrave Macmillan, 2019; hardcover: 419 pages, $35.00

Another thumbs up book from John Logsdon, internationally recognized as a consummate historian and analyst of space issues. This volume is another classic regarding presidential space policy.

During Ronald Reagan’s eight years as U.S. president (1981-1989), his administration saw the NASA’s space shuttle program’s first flight, the calamitous loss of Challenger and its 7-person crew, as well as approving space station “Freedom” as the “next logical step” in space development.

The book is divided into 24 expertly written chapters, impeccably researched with notes assigned to each chapter.  

Logsdon makes use of a trove of declassified primary source materials and oral history interviews to spotlight Reagan’s civilian and commercial space policies – decision-making that possibly made the man the most pro-space president in American history.

As a side note, this reviewer was resident in Washington, D.C. during the Reagan space years, part of some three decades of covering NASA, Capitol Hill, and presidential space activities. But Logsdon offers a wealth of insider and behind-the-scenes discussions few of us were privy to; the book’s pages offer tell-tale observations that showcase the complexity and personalities involved with establishing space policy.

Logsdon does note up front that Reagan’s Strategic Defense Initiative – often labeled the “Star Wars” plan – is not detailed, nor are other national security space issues. Rather, the book’s focus is on civilian and commercial space policy during the Reagan administration.

This volume is a tutorial on the leadership and legacy of Reagan’s space interests, details that should be instructive to all those in the space community eager to fathom today’s presidential pronouncements about America’s space agenda.

Once again, this new book from Logsdon adds to the author’s legacy of space policy observations. He is the author of John F. Kennedy and the Race to the Moon (Palgrave, 2010) and After Apollo? Richard Nixon and the American Space Program (Palgrave, 2015), both of which are award-winning, definitive accounts of presidential space policy. He is Professor Emeritus at The George Washington University’s Elliott School of International Affairs and founder of its Space Policy Institute.

For more information on Ronald Reagan and the Space Frontier go to:

https://www.palgrave.com/us/book/9783319989617

 

Credit: ESA

The European Space Agency (ESA) has released two new reports, one on use of space resources and a second document that reviews a strategy for Moon science.

Space resources will be a major topic of activity internationally over the next decade and may become a major motivation for investments in space exploration in the future.

According to this report, Europe has extensive expertise and capabilities to bring to this new field of investigation, from both space and Earth industries. Europe needs to engage now in order to have a role, to influence the way forward and benefit from the endeavor.

This document presents a strategic approach to the space resources opportunity, to enable sustainable human exploration in a way that seeks to optimize the terrestrial benefits, build a community and prepare a way to sustained and cost effective exploration in the future.

For the report — ESA SPACE RESOURCES STRATEGY, go to:

http://exploration.esa.int/moon/61369-esa-space-resources-strategy/

Credit: ESA

Moon science strategy

The Moon is a unique scientific resource, just three days from Earth, and whose true potential is only just being realized. The Moon is an archive of Solar System and cosmic history. The Moon preserves a record of the Earth-Moon system’s formation and the context for the emergence of life on Earth. The Moon provides a reference point for planetary science across the Solar System.

This report underscores the fact that the Moon may provide resources for future space exploration missions and to expand a space economy. The Moon provides a platform from which we can observe our Universe as never before. Recent scientific results have shown that we have only just begun to understand science of, on, and from the Moon and that there is a scientific imperative to return.

The document summarizes a strategy for science at the Moon that takes advantage of mission opportunities starting in the early 2020s and prepares for comprehensive scientific activities on European-directed missions.

For the report — ESA STRATEGY FOR SCIENCE AT THE MOON – go to:

http://exploration.esa.int/moon/61371-esa-strategy-for-science-at-the-moon/

Artist’s concept of Restore-L mission.
Credit: NASA

 

 

Satellites are tremendously isolated — once launched into orbit, they are left alone to do their work until they lose power or age into obsolescence. But what if satellites could be upgraded, refueled or repaired while in orbit?

The fourth report in The Aerospace Corporation’s Center for Space Policy and Strategy (CSPS) Game Changer series, On-Orbit Servicing: Inspection, Repair, Refuel, Upgrade, and Assembly of Satellites in Space, explores new on-orbit servicing (OOS) capabilities and what this ground-breaking technology could mean for the future of satellite operation, including the potential cost savings of hundreds of millions to salvage satellites and not replace them.

Credit: Altius Space Machines

 

 

 

Possible inhibitors

While the report acknowledges that there are several possible inhibitors to making on-orbit servicing common across the market, OOS is widely viewed as the most viable path forward for continuing to expand space activities beyond their present limitations. 

To read this report — On-Orbit Servicing: Inspection, Repair, Refuel, Upgrade, and Assembly of Satellites in Space – go to:

https://aerospace.org/sites/default/files/2019-05/Davis-Mayberry-Penn_OOS_04242019.pdf

 

The Vinyl Frontier – The Story of the Voyager Golden Record by Jonathan Scott; Bloomsbury Publishing, Inc., New York, May 2019; hardcover: 288 pages, $28.00

As I write this, those long-gone NASA spacecraft, Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 are respectively 13,475,095,569 miles and 11,175,244,034 miles from Earth.

Voyager 2 launched in August 1977, and Voyager 1 soon followed, launching in September 1977. Each spacecraft carries a copy of a “Golden Record” with a protective cover adorned with instructions for playing its contents. For all their supposed intellect, one gathers that aliens recovering the records need a helping hand.

The final playlist contains music written and performed by Bach, Beethoven, Glenn Gould, as well as Chuck Berry and Blind Willie Johnson. There’s music from China, India and more remote cultures. It also contained a message of peace from U.S. President Jimmy Carter. Each song, sound and picture that made the final cut onto the record has a story to tell.

And that story has been captured in a distinctive and fascinating book, written by Jonathan Scott, a music writer and self-confessed astronomy geek. Furthermore, if he’d been in charge of the Voyager Golden Record, he suggests that aliens would deduce that Earthkind was limited to three music chords.

This book tells the story of a team led by astronomers Carl Sagan to put together a record that would travel to the stars on the back of NASA’s Voyager probe. The Vinyl Frontier tells the whole story of how the record was created, nicely presented in a dozen chapters.

Team members for the effort included astronomer Frank Drake, father of the scientific Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI), serving as technical director, writer and novelist Ann Druyan was the creative director, science journalist and author Timothy Ferris produced the record, and space artist Jon Lomberg was the designer, with artist Linda Salzman Sagan organizing the greetings.

“This is a story of the summer of 1977 – when science rubbed up against art to create a monument that will, in all probability, outlive us all,” the author explains in the book’s prologue.

The research done in writing this book is exceptional. For instance, how and why the Beatles missed the boat being on the record. “No Dylan. Elvis was discussed but discounted…even Jefferson Starship, who had offered their music for free, weren’t in the running,” Scott writes.

Thanks to the author, scads of little known nearly forgotten, behind-the-record stories are told in a splendid writing style. So many nuggets of information!

BTW: The book points to a YouTube video you’ll find worth a view at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ibByF9XPAPg as well as an associated video at: https://boingboing.net/2017/09/05/how-to-decode-the-images-on-th.html

Also, in celebration of Voyager’s 40th anniversary, The Voyager Interstellar Record was made available on vinyl and can be purchased here:

https://ozmarecords.com/pages/voyager

For more information about The Vinyl Frontier: The Story of the Voyager Golden Record, go to:

https://www.bloomsbury.com/us/the-vinyl-frontier-9781472956132/