NASA released today the agency’s master plan for Mars titled: NASA’s Journey to Mars: Pioneering Next Steps in Space Exploration.

The journey to Mars passes through three thresholds, each with increasing challenges as humans move farther from Earth. NASA and our partners are managing these challenges by developing and demonstrating capabilities in incremental steps.



Earth Reliant exploration: Focused on research aboard the ISS.

Proving Ground: NASA will learn to conduct complex operations in a deep space environment that allows crews to return to Earth in a matter of days.

Earth Independent: Activities build on what we learn on ISS and in cislunar space to enable human missions to the Mars vicinity, including the Martian moons, and eventually the Martian surface.


For a detailed look at this new NASA document, go to:


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